Information Security & Cyber Security

Information Security & Cyber Security

by Adam
April 7, 2022

Information Security (Infosec) is one of the most complex areas of cyber security and critical to any enterprise. If your company’s information is not safe, you open yourself up to security issues. This blog will look at the importance of information security and the different levels of information security.


Information Security (Infosec) differs from cyber security in various ways. Although, two concepts are often interchangeable. Information security (Infosec) protects sensitive information from unauthorized activity, including inspection, modification, recording, disruption, or destruction. Cyber security mainly addresses technology-related threats. They both have the same goal to ensure data safety and data privacy.  

What is Information Security (Infosec)?

Information Security (Infosec) deals with confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data. It protects information from information risks and prevents the probability of unauthorized access to data. 

What is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity protects data that is stored on electronic devices such as computers, networks, mobile devices. Cyber security identifies critical data and the technology you need to protect it. 

The Information Security (Infosec) principles:

  1. Confidentiality to prevent unauthorized disclosure of information. 
  2. Integrity to protect against unauthorized changes. 
  3. Availability to make data available to a user that needs it. 

The types of Information Security (Infosec):

  1. Application security. It covers software vulnerability. 
  2. Cloud security. It sustains building and hosting secure applications in cloud environments. 
  3. Cryptography. It guarantees data confidentiality and integrity. 
  4. Infrastructure security. It deals with the protection of internal and external networks. 
  5. Incident response. It monitors and investigates potential malicious behavior. 
  6. Vulnerability management. It scans an environment for weak points.

The types of Cybersecurity:

  1. Network security. 
  2. Application security.
  3. Cloud security. 
  4. Critical infrastructure security. It provides security services such as virus scanners, intrusion prevention systems, or anti-malware software. 

While looking closer, it is clear that both information security and cyber security have the same proactive approach: to protect servers, endpoints, databases, and networks, identify critical data, and determine its risk exposure. Information security ensures data security, including cybersecurity. Both information security and cyber security have the same value: it is all about protecting data from unauthorized access. Cyber security and information security are two sides of the same coin. Both strive to protect critical data from unauthorized access.

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